Thursday, December 6, 2012


Leonardo Da Vinci.
-Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci April. 15, 1452  Vinci, Republic of Florence, in the present day Province of Florence, Italy
-May 2, 1519 (at age 67)  Amboise, Touraine (in present day France)
Remembered as:
- Inventor
- Scientist
- Mathematician
- Artist.
- At the age of 14, he became an apprentice to one of the best painters at the time, Andrea del Verrocchio
- Da Vinci never married, or was he linked to anyone. In 1476, when he was 24 years old, he and three other guys were charged with sodomy, which was illegal in Florence where he was living. Records show they were acquitted.
-Leonardo had two apprentices, which lived with him for most of his life.
       - Gian Giacomo Caprotti da Oreno, nicknamed Salaì, 
       - Count Francesco Melzi. Salaì became an apprentice in 1490, and Melzi in 1506. 
- He spent the last two years of his life in France, with his apprentices, and they had lived at the King’s personal Château.  
Before his death, Da Vinci requested that 60 beggars walk behind his coffin through the streets to the graveyard. So they did
- Da Vinci died on May 2, 1519 in France. Stories say "he died in King Francois’s arms." 
Skills learned
- Painting
- Drawing
- Sculpting 
- Metallurgy
- Drafting
- Chemistry
- Carpentry 
- To this day there are only 15 of Da Vinci's paintings to survive to this day.  The most famous of course is the Mona Lisa 1503-1507  In this painting, Da Vinci used a new technique called “sfumato”, which is the hazy atmosphere in the picture
The Last Supper, which was painted on a convent wall in 1498. It has deteriorated badly over the years due to Da Vinci trying tempera on plaster instead of a fresco
          - Tempera is egg whites mixed with paint, and it makes the paint shiny. 
          - Fresco is paint mixed with plaster, making it more durable against the ravages of time
Inventions/ plans
- He was obsessed with Flight, and had plans for something similar to a helicopter. 
- Created several musical instruments, 
- Planed and drew up the idea for hydraulic water pumps, which were never built due to war. 
- Mona Lisa (1503 - 1507)
A mysterious art in the sense that no one knows how Da Vinci painted this because there are no signs of brush strokes or use of finger paints.  The style known as sfumato, which is the Italian word for smoke, in art is the overlaying of paint in different coats creating the smoke like background seen behind the woman in the painting.  French scientists have determined with current technology that Da Vinci had used over 30 layers of paint on this painting.   

- The last supper (1495 - 1498)

- The Madonna of the Rocks (1483 - 1485)

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